The aorta is the main artery of the human body, responsible for distributing oxygenated blood after it leaves the heart. Sometimes that blood vessel increases in size. An aneurysm is the equivalent of a dilation, which when it is greater than twice the normal size of the artery is at risk of complications.
When the aorta exceeds a certain diameter, it is time to perform an intervention to avoid a complication that can be fatal.
We usually approach the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta through endovascular surgery or endoprosthesis, which avoids making incisions and favors early recovery. Except in exceptional cases where we perform hybrid surgeries, this is not possible in the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. In these cases, open surgery becomes the best solution.
Ask us about your case without obligation and we will guide you on the most appropriate attitude to your pathology.
Ascending aorta: it is the portion that runs between the aortic valve and the aortic arch. It includes the aortic root (initial portion of the aorta), from where the coronary arteries that supply the heart leave.
Aortic arch: it is the area that separates the ascending aorta from the descending thoracic aorta and is shaped like an arch, which is why it is also called the aortic arch. From it arise the arteries that supply the head (including the brain) and the arms (carotid and subclavian arteries respectively).
Descending thoracic aorta: it is the portion between the aortic arch and the diaphragmatic area. It gives rise, among others, to arteries that supply the spinal cord and the thoracic wall.
Abdominal aorta: it is the final section of the aorta that runs between the diaphragmatic area and the aortic bifurcation, where it divides into the right and left common iliac artery. Branches of the abdominal aorta are the arteries that supply the abdominal viscera (liver, stomach, spleen, pancreas, intestines ...) including the celiac trunk and the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries.